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Guidelines for Disciplinary Penalties and Terms of Probation


To foster uniformity of penalties and to make sure our licensees and registrants understand the consequences of violations of the Automotive Repair Act or the Smog Check Program, the Bureau of Automotive Repair has established these guidelines. The guidelines provide a range of penalties for each section of law found to have been violated. The Bureau requests that Administrative Law Judges take into account the "Factors in Aggravation and in Mitigation" listed below, when deciding the severity of the penalty within the range.

Should a probationary period be a part of a proposed decision, the Bureau requests that the Administrative Law Judge impose the appropriate "Terms and Conditions of Probation", as outlined below. These terms and conditions are intended to protect the public from continued illegal behavior and to facilitate the rehabilitation of the probationer without being unduly burdensome or anti-competitive.

The letters A through C following each section of law or regulation refer to the Standard Terms and Conditions of Probation (A-C) to be applied for a confirmed violation of that section.


The Bureau normally submits cases for the filing of an Accusation based on investigations and the use of undercover vehicle operations in order to detect and document multiple violations of the Smog Check Program or the Automotive Repair Act.

In determining the proper penalty within the suggested ranges the following factors should be considered:

1. Factors in Aggravation

  1. Prior warnings from BAR
  2. Prior Notices of Violations
  3. Prior Office Conference with BAR
  4. Prior adverse Inspection Reports
  5. Prior demonstrations of incompetence
  6. Prior history of citations
  7. Prior history of formal disciplinary action
  8. Failure to permit BAR inspection of records
  9. Abuse of mechanic's lien
  10. Attempts to intimidate consumer
  11. Negligent or willful improper repair work that endangers consumer
  12. Evidence that the unlawful act was part of a pattern of practice
  13. Failure to comply with BAR request for corrective action/retraining
  14. Currently on probation for improper acts
  15. Failure to successfully complete prior period of probation
  16. Failure to pay court judgment to victim
  17. Violation of previous court order
  18. Any other conduct which constitutes fraud or gross negligence

2. Factors in Mitigation

  1. Evidence that respondent accepted BAR's suggested resolution to consumer complaint
  2. Evidence of voluntary participation in retraining for self or employees
  3. Evidence of voluntary purchase of proper diagnostic equipment and manuals
  4. Evidence of temporary medical condition that prevented respondent from exercising supervision and control over employees or others, which led to wrongdoing
  5. No loss to consumer and no damage to consumer's property (Undercover cars are treated as if they were consumers' cars)
  6. Evidence that shop has taken specific steps for retraining and has initiated steps to minimize recurrence
  7. Evidence of resolution of all consumer complaints with a subsequent change in business practice
  8. Evidence of internal control or audit designed to eliminate errors

The absence of any new allegations or amendments to the accusation as originally filed, during the period between the filing of the accusation and the date the matter comes to hearing, in itself, shall not be regarded as evidence of mitigation.


Standard Terms and Conditions "A" include the following:

During the period of probation, respondent(s) shall:

  1. Comply with all statutes, regulations and rules governing automotive inspections, estimates and repairs.
  2. (Applicable when actual suspension is ordered) Post a prominent sign, provided by the Bureau, indicating the beginning and ending dates of the suspension and indicating the reason for the suspension. The sign shall be conspicuously displayed in a location open to and frequented by customers and shall remain posted during the entire period of actual suspension.
  3. Respondent or respondent's authorized representative must report in person or in writing as prescribed by the Bureau of Automotive Repair, on a schedule set by the Bureau, but no more frequently than each quarter, on the methods used and success achieved in maintaining compliance with the terms and conditions of probation.
  4. Within 30 days of the effective date of this action, report any financial interest which any partners, officers, or owners of the respondent facility may have in any other business required to be registered pursuant to Section 9884.6 of the Business and Professions Code.
  5. Provide Bureau representatives unrestricted access to inspect all vehicles (including parts) undergoing repairs, up to and including the point of completion.
  6. If an accusation is filed against respondent during the term of probation, the Director of Consumer Affairs shall have continuing jurisdiction over this matter until the final decision on the accusation, and the period of probation shall be extended until such decision.
  7. Should the Director of Consumer Affairs determine that respondent has failed to comply with the terms and conditions of probation, the Department may, after giving notice and opportunity to be heard, temporarily or permanently invalidate the registration; suspend or revoke the license.
  8. If the accusation involves false and misleading advertising, during the period of probation, respondent shall submit any proposed advertising copy, whether revised or new, to the Bureau at least thirty (30) days prior to its use.

Standard Terms and Conditions "B" include the following:
(Applicable to Technicians only)

During the period of probation, respondent shall attend and successfully complete a Bureau certified training course in diagnosis and repair of emission systems failures and engine performance, applicable to the class of license held by the respondent. Said course shall be completed and proof of completion submitted to the Bureau within 60 days of the effective date of this decision and order. If proof of completion of the course is not furnished to the Bureau within the 60-day period, respondents' license shall be immediately suspended until such proof is received.

Standard Terms and Conditions "C" include the following:
(Applicable to Smog Check Stations only)

During the period of probation, respondent shall not perform any form of smog inspection, or emission system diagnosis or repair, until respondent has purchased, installed, and maintained the diagnostic and repair equipment prescribed by BAR necessary to properly perform such work, and BAR has been given 10 days notice of the availability of the equipment for inspection by a BAR representative.

Continue to Section IV, Disciplinary Guidelines, Part 2